Jacob's Ladder: People...You Are The Reason I Am...
Peter Benenson, 1921-2005
Peter Benenson, the founder of the worldwide human rights organisation Amnesty International, died on the evening of 25 February 2005 . He was 83.
Benenson originally founded Amnesty International, in 1961, as a one-year campaign for the release of six prisoners of conscience. But from there came a worldwide movement for human rights and an international organisation - Amnesty International - which has taken up the cases of many thousands of victims of human rights violations and inspired millions to human rights defence the world over.
Amnesty International Secretary General Irene Khan said: "Peter Benenson's life was a courageous testament to his visionary commitment to fight injustice around the world. He brought light into the darkness of prisons, the horror of torture chambers and tragedy of death camps around the world. This was a man whose conscience shone in a cruel and terrifying world, who believed in the power of ordinary people to bring about extraordinary change and, by creating Amnesty International, he gave each of us the opportunity to make a difference. In 1961 his vision gave birth to human rights activism. In 2005 his legacy is a world wide movement for human rights which will never die."
The one-year Appeal for Amnesty was launched on 28 May 1961 , in an article called The Forgotten Prisoners published in the British newspaper The Observer. That appeal attracted thousands of supporters and started a worldwide human rights movement. The catalyst for the original campaign was Mr Benenson's sense of outrage after reading an article about the arrest and imprisonment of two students in a café in Lisbon , Portugal , who had drunk a toast to liberty. In the first few years of Amnesty International's existence, Mr Benenson supplied much of the funding for the movement, went on research missions and was involved in all aspects of the organisation's affairs.
Other activities that Mr Benenson was involved in during his lifetime included:
• Adopting orphans from the Spanish Civil War
• Bringing Jews who had fled Hitler's Germany to Britain
• Observing trials as a member of the Society of Labour Lawyers
• Helping to set up the organisation Justice
• Establishing a society for people with coeliac disease
At a ceremony to mark Amnesty International's 25th anniversary, he lit what has become the organisation's symbol - a candle entwined in barbed wire - with the words:
"The candle burns not for us, but for those whom we failed to rescue from prison, who were shot on the way to prison, who were tortured, who were kidnapped, who 'disappeared'. That is what the candle is for."
One way in which politicians paid tribute to Peter Benenson was by signing an Early Day Motion (EDM) tabled by Kevin McNamara MP.
PETER BENENSON, FOUNDER OF AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL 28.02.05
That this House pays tribute to Peter Benenson, the founder of Amnesty International, who died on 25th February; recognises his colossal contribution to the promotion and protection of human rights worldwide; fully concurs with the comments by Irene Khan, the current Secretary General of Amnesty International, that his life was a courageous testament to his visionary commitment to fight injustice around the world, that 'he brought light into the darkness of prisons, the horror of torture chambers and tragedy of death camps around the world' and that he was 'a man whose conscience shone in a cruel and terrifying world, who believed in the power of ordinary people to bring about extraordinary change and, by creating Amnesty International, he gave each of us the opportunity to make a difference'; and notes that Amnesty International is the world's largest independent human rights organisation, with over 1.8 million members and supporters committed to the upholding of human rights and the founding values set out by Peter Benenson.
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